Alcoholism is a problem that affects people from all walks of life. According to statistics from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, there are over 80,000 alcohol-related deaths yearly in America.
Even though an occasional glass of wine may not pose any danger, regular consumption of alcohol in large amounts becomes harmful to an individual and those around them. Immediately alcohol is consumed about 33% of it is directly absorbed into the body through the stomach lining while the rest is absorbed slowly through the small intestine and into the blood.
The more an individual drinks the more the blood alcohol level rises and this becomes more dangerous. Below we have a list of ways alcohol addiction affects the body.
1. Excess consumption of alcohol affects the brain
Alcohol consumption impairs an individual's judgement and affects the ability of the brain to function effectively. Alcohol affects the entire nervous system affecting communication between the brain and the body. This makes coordination of the body more difficult hence it may become difficult to walk, talk or even operate machinery.
Long term use of alcohol can also cause Wernickle-Korsakoff syndrome. A disorder that affects vision and speech, impairs an individual's memory and can even trigger seizures.
2. Long term alcohol consumption affects the liver
The liver's main job is to filter blood that comes from the digestive tract before it goes to the rest of the body. The liver converts the alcohol in the blood into acetaldehyde, a harmful substance that can cause cancer. Consumption of excess alcohol for a long period of time causes the liver to accumulate fat, too much accumulation of fat inhibits the function of the liver and may cause alcoholic hepatitis.
Continuous consumption of alcohol by an individual with Alcoholic hepatitis may cause liver cirrhosis. Liver cirrhosis is when the liver can no longer regenerate hence causing liver failure.
3. Alcoholics have a weak immune systems
Too much consumption of alcohol weakens an individual's immune system. This makes alcoholics more prone to illnesses than people who do not drink alcohol or drink less. Most of them are prone to diseases such as pneumonia or even tuberculosis.
4. Alcoholics are at a higher risk of getting cancer
Besides being at the risk of contracting other diseases, alcoholism exposes an individual to a variety of cancers such as cancer of the mouth, throat and even liver.
5. Long term alcohol consumption affects the bones and the muscle systems
Alcohol increases the rate at which bones wear out making them thinner. Alcoholics can easily fracture their bones and it takes even longer to heal because they have a lower immune system. Their muscles become weak and they get tired quicker when working.
6. Alcoholism affects the heart
Alcohol affects vital organs of the body including the heart. Alcoholics are exposed to the risk of getting heart attacks, stroke and other heart ailments.
Alcohol not only affects organs of the body but also affects people's relationships. Quitting alcohol improves one's health and improves relationships with other people. Furthermore a lot of money that could have been wasted on alcohol is used elsewhere or even saved. Because quitting alcohol may not be easy alcoholics are advised to seek help from loved once and professionals.