Social Links

Follow on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on G+

Xpert Access


Login To Get Involved!

Forgot your username?

Forgot your password?


Join Us At EiR Now!

MicroBalance TopBanner


Mold Illness Information & Products

Heavy Metal Toxicity - References





1. Duffus JH (2002) "Heavy metals" a meaningless term? (IUPAC Technical Report) Pure and Applied Chemistry 74:793-807


2. Goyer RA (1997) Toxic and essential mineral interactions Annual Review of Nutrition 17:37-50


3. Drinking Water Inspectorate (2002) Tap Water: Where does it come from and how is it made safe to drink? (Online) last accessed 28.08.09 at


4. National Institutes of Health (2006) Studies Evaluate Health Effects of Dental Amalgam Fillings in Children (Online) last accessed 28.08.09 at


5. Vamnes JS Eide R Isrenn R Höl PJ Gjerdet NR (2000) Diagnostic Value of a Chelating Agent in Patients with Symptoms Allegedly Caused by Amalgam Fillings Journal of Dental Research 79(3):868-74


6. Barregård L Sällsten G Järvholm B (1995) People with high mercury uptake from their own dental amalgam fillings Occupational and Environmental Medicine 52:124-128


7. Williams PL James RC and Roberts SM (2000) Principles of Toxicology: Environmental and Industrial Applications (2nd edition) Wiley


8. U.S. Geological Survey (2009) Mercury in the Environment (Online) last accessed 30.08.09 at


9. Food Standards Agency (2004) Mercury in Fish: Your Questions Answered (Online) last accessed 30.08.09 at


10. Food Standards Agency (1997) MAFF UK - Survey of Mercury in Foods (Online) last accessed 30.08.09 at


11. New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services (1998) Mercury in Drinking Water (Online) last accessed 30.08.09 at


12. Environmental Working Group (1999) Mercury Falling: An ANalysis of Mercury Pollution from Coal-Burning Power Plants (Online) last accessed 30.08.09 at


13. Atchison WD (1998) Effects of neurotoxicants on synaptic transmission: lessons learned from electrophysiological studies Neurotoxicology and Teratology 10(5):393-416


14. Wojcik DP Godfrey ME Christie D Haley BE (2006) Mercury toxicity presenting as chronic fatigue, memory impairment and depression: diagnosis, treatment, susceptibility, and outcomes in a New Zealand general practice setting (1994-2006) Neuroendocrinology Letters 27(4):415-23


15. Vas J and Monestier M (2008) Immunology of mercury Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1143:240-67


16. Park SB Choi SW and Nam AY (2009) Hair Tissue Mineral Analysis and Metabolic Syndrome Biological Trace Element Research [Epub ahead of print]


17. Wikipedia (2009) Lead Paint (Online) last accessed 31.08.09 at


18. Minnesota Department of Health (2009) Lead Poisoning Prevention: Common Sources (Online) last accessed 31.08.09 at


19. Food Standards Agency (2009) Agency Helps Farmers Prevent Lead Poisoning (Online) last accessed 31.08.09 at

20. Minnesota Department of Health (2009) Lead Poisoning Prevention: Common Sources (Online) last accessed 31.08.09 at


21. Drinking Water Inspectorate (2003) Lead in Drinking Water (Online) last accessed 31.08.09 at


22. Department of the Environment and Heritage (2005) Lead (Pb): Air Quulity Fact Sheet (Online) last accessed 31.08.09 at


23. United States Department of Labor (2008) Lead: Health Effects (Online) last accessed 31.08.09 at


24. Koller K Brown T Spurgeon A Levy L (2004) Recent Developments in Low-Level Lead Exposure and Intellectual Impairment in Children Environmental Health Perspectives 112:987-94


25. Vig EK and Hu H (2000) Lead toxicity in older adults Journal of the American Geriatric Society 48(11):1501-6


26. Weisskopf MG Wright RO Schwartz J Spiro A 3rd Sparrow D Aro A Hu H (2004) Cumulative lead exposure and prospective change in cognition among elderly men: the VA Normative Aging Study American Journal of Epidemiology 160(12):1184-93


27. Cheng Y Schwartz J Sparrow D Aro A Weiss ST Hu H (2001) Bone lead and blood lead levels in relation to baseline blood pressure and the prospective development of hypertension: the Normative Aging Study American Journal of Epidemiology 153(2):164-71


28. Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry (2008) Cadmium (Cd) Toxicity: Where is Cadmium Found? (Online) last accessed 02.09.09 at


29. Cekic O (1998) Effect of cigarette smoking on copper, lead, and cadmium accumulation in human lens British Journal of Ophthalmology 82(2):186-8


30. Järup L (2002) Cadmium overload and toxicity Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation 17(Suppl 2):35-9


31. United States Environmental Protection Agency (2009) Basic Information about Cadmium in Drinking Water (Online) last accessed 02.09.09 at


32. Järup L Berglund M Elinder CG Nordberg G Vahter M (1998) Health effects of cadmium exposure--a review of the literature and a risk estimate Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health 24(Suppl 1):1-51


33. Järup L and Alfvén T (2004) Low level cadmium exposure, renal and bone effects--the OSCAR study Biometals 17(5):505-9


34. Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry (2008) What Health Effects Are Associated With Acute High-Dose Cadmium Exposure? (Online) last accessed 02.09.09 at

35. Viaene MK Masschelein R Leenders J De Groof M Swerts LJ Roels HA (2000) Neurobehavioural effects of occupational exposure to cadmium: a cross sectional epidemiological study Occupational and Environmental Medicine 57(1):19-27


36. Gupta P and Kar A (1998) Role of ascorbic acid in cadmium-induced thyroid dysfunction and lipid peroxidation Journal of Applied Toxicology 18(5):317-20


37. Saiyed SM and Yokel RA (2005) Aluminium content of some foods and food products in the USA, with aluminium food additives Food Additives & Contaminants 22(3):234-44


38. Rajwanshi P Singh V Gupta MK Shrivastav R Subramanian V Prakash S Dass S (1999) Aluminum leaching from surrogate aluminum food containers under different pH and fluoride concentration Bulletin of Envionmental Contamination and Toxicology 63(2):271-6


39. World Health Organization (2009) Chemical Hazards in Drinking Water - Aluminium (Online) last accessed 02.09.09 at


40. Petrela J Câmara VM Kennedy G Bouyahi B Zayed J (2001) Health effects of residential exposure to aluminum plant air pollution Archives of Environmental Health 56(5):456-60


41. Guillard O Fauconneau B Olichon D Dedieu G Deloncle R (2004) Hyperaluminemia in a woman using an aluminum-containing antiperspirant for 4 years American Journal of Medicine 117(12):956-9


42. Ashton J and Laura RS (1998) Perils of Progress: The Health and Environment Hazards of Modern Technology & What You Can Do About Them UNSW Press


43. Flaten TP (2001) Aluminium as a Risk Factor in Alzheimer's Disease, with Emphasis on Drinking Water Brain Research Bulletin 55(2):187-96


45. Boutsen Y Devogelaer JP Malghem J Noel H Nagant de Deuxchaisnes C (1996) Antacid-induced osteomalacia Clinical Rheumatology 15(1):75-80


45.Darbre PD (2005) Aluminium, antiperspirants and breast cancer Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 99(9):1912-9


46. Mailloux RJ Hamel R and Appanna VD (2006) Aluminum toxicity elicits a dysfunctional TCA cycle and succinate accumulation in hepatocytes Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology 20(4):198-208


47. Hambidge KM (1982) Hair analyses: worthless for vitamins, limited for minerals American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 36:943-9


48. Rimland B and Larson GE (1983) Hair Mineral Analysis and Behavior Journal of Learning Disabilities 16(5):279-85


49. Shamberger RJ (2002) Validity of hair mineral testing Biological Trace Element Research 87(1-3):1-28


50. Frisch M and Schwartz BS (2002) The pitfalls of hair analysis for toxicants in clinical practice: three case reports Environmental Health Perspectives 110(4):433-6


51. Cranton JA (2007) Mercury and Other Metal Tests are Often Performed Incorrectly, Causing False High Results, Frightening People Unnessarily (Online) last accessed 03.09.09 at




Related Articles: