Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2006 May;28 Suppl 1:S29-38. Epub 2006 Jun 12.
[Article in Portuguese]
Gupta AR, State MW.
Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
Autism is a strongly genetic disorder, with an estimated heritability of greater than 90%. A combination of phenotypic heterogeneity and the likely involvement of multiple interacting loci have hampered efforts at gene discovery. As a consequence, the genetic etiology of the spectrum of autism related disorders remains largely unknown. Over the past several years, the convergence of rapidly advancing genomic technologies, the completion of the human genome project, and increasingly successful collaborative efforts to increase the number of patients available for study have led to the first solid clues to the biological origins of these disorders. This paper will review the literature to date summarizing the results of linkage, cytogenetic, and candidate gene studies with a focus on recent progress. In addition, promising avenues for future research are considered.
PMID: 16791389 [PubMed - in process]