Scand J Caring Sci. 2006 Sep;20(3):315-22.
Long-term follow up of a physical therapy programme for patients with fibromyalgia syndrome.
Havermark AM, Langius-Eklof A. Halsopoolens Rehabklinik, Stockholm, Sweden.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in a long-term perspective, the impact of a physical therapy-based educational programme on patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The programme includes information about the syndrome, information about pain and muscle physiology, training in warm water, stretching, body awareness therapy and relaxation in groups of 15 patients twice weekly, 2 hours during 10 weeks. A total of 240 patients with FMS participated in the study before and immediately after the programme and at a follow up with a mean of 35 months after the programme. Health status as measured with the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire was answered by the patients at all three measurement points. Questionnaires concerning self-care, self-motivation and sense of coherence (SOC) were distributed at the follow up. The results showed a significant improvement on several symptoms when comparing before and after the programme, and at the time of follow up the patients' rated well-being was still improved. The results also showed that the patients' pretreatment perception of symptoms, well-being and SOC are predictors to the perception of general health at the follow up of a physical therapy programme. The conclusion is that a physical therapy programme for patients with FMS may have a positive impact on patients' general well-being but not on other symptoms.
PMID: 16922986 [PubMed - in process]