Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 May;1165:327-37.
Metabolic stress evokes decreases in epithelial barrier function.
Lewis K, McKay DM. Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
The epithelial lining of the gastrointestinal tract is the major interface between the external world (e.g., the gut lumen) and the body, and as such the proper maintenance and regulation of epithelial barrier function is a key determinant of digestive health and host well-being. Many enteropathies are associated with increased gut permeability, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Maintaining the barrier function of the epithelium, independent of whether paracellular or transcellular permeation pathways are considered, is an energy-dependent process. Here we present an overview of the impact that metabolic stress (e.g., reductions in epithelial ATP synthesis) can have on permeability characteristics of epithelial monolayers and show that metabolic stress in the presence of a commensal flora results in a significant loss of epithelial integrity, and that this increase in epithelial permeability can be enhanced by the presence of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha). We speculate that the combination of these factors in vivo would result in significant perturbations in epithelial barrier function that could be of pathophysiological significance and contribute to the initiation of IBD or the induction of disease relapses.
PMID: 19538324 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]