Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2009 Apr 28. [Epub ahead of print]
Metabolic syndrome: a follow-up study of acute depressive inpatients.
Richter N, Juckel G, Assion HJ. Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, LWL-Hospital Bochum, Ruhr University, Alexandrinenstr. 1, 44791, Bochum, Germany.
Previous studies pointed out the high prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among patients with bipolar disorder and major depression. A link between depression and a metabolic syndrome remains in dispute despite these studies. This study was conducted to evaluate the occurrence of the metabolic syndrome in depressive inpatients, to analyze the association between the severity of depression and the metabolic syndrome and to screen specific laboratory values in the course of depressive illness. 60 acute depressive patients were recruited for the study and underwent psychometric testing [21-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) and Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF)] and a metabolic syndrome screening using the modified criteria of the American National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Treatment Panel III (ATP III). Moreover, CRP, cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, fasting glucose, triglyceride and leptin levels were measured. 42 patients were reexamined in state of (partial) remission. Depression was reassessed using the 21-item HAMD, and laboratory values were analyzed a second time. 25% of the depressive patients fulfilled the criteria of metabolic syndrome (MS+). Only in the MS+ group, a positive correlation between triglyceride blood levels and severity of depression became evident as well in the state of acute depression as in the state of remission. In the group of patients without metabolic syndrome, laboratory values were not associated with severity of depression. An association between metabolic parameters and the course of depression could only be detected in the group of patients with metabolic syndrome. These findings suggest that, in these patients, a beneficial outcome of depressive illness may improve the metabolic situation.
PMID: 19399357 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]