CBD - cannabidiol - is a chemical compound derived from the cannabis plant. It is lauded to be one of the best remedies for anxiety, depression, nausea, insomnia - common symptoms that crop up at the time of pregnancy.
Since CBD-infused products are climbing to the top of the market for their therapeutic effects, is it possible (and safe) to use CBD oil at the time of pregnancy and breastfeeding?
It would seem like a good idea to a rational mind. In fact, there are a lot of women who have taken/take CBD at the time of pregnancy. Even so, there isn’t any conclusive research done in the area that proves the benefits of using CBD oil during pregnancy as well as breastfeeding.
So, the best way to figure out the same is to consult your doctor about it and if it works well for you, go ahead and take it. However, here’s an in-depth analysis on whether CBD oil should be consumed during pregnancy and breastfeeding, or not.
Before anything else, understand what CBD Oil really is
Simply put, CBD comes from the cannabis plant, and CBD oil is made from CBD, after diluting its essence with edible oil. Unlike other compounds found in cannabis, CBD does not provide the ‘high’ or any other mind-altering effects. The reason for the same is that it doesn’t produce tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, which is a psychoactive product responsible for creating the ‘high.’
CBD Oil is a nutritional supplement that provides relief from insomnia, pain, anxiety, depression, nausea, and inflammation. It has proven to be highly beneficial in the treatment of serious conditions, like epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, trauma, and schizophrenia.
But would it help in making pregnancy better? Let’s find out.
Is it safe to take CBD Oil during pregnancy and breastfeeding?
A pregnant woman’s body is a nurturing environment for her baby. Thus, it is important for her to feel safe and happy during the months of pregnancy, even after the delivery of her baby. However, most pregnant women suffer from anxiety, postpartum depression, nausea, and severe mood swings, during this time.
Since CBD oil is known for its therapeutic benefits, it might make major positive changes in the life of pregnant women. Even so, there has been no full-fledged analysis or research done in the medical field that ensures whether it’s safe to take CBD oil during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
Dr. Catherine Monk, PhD, a professor of medical psychology and psychiatry at a well-reputed university in New York, explains, “We don’t have enough data to say if it’s dangerous or safe.”
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists doesn’t support the idea of taking any compound coming from the cannabis plant at the time of breastfeeding or pregnancy.
The reason behind this is that even though CBD is considered to be a safe compound yet its functions aren’t completely known and might give rise to certain side-effects, such as tiredness and diarrhea, and unwanted hormonal changes.
Well, doctors and specialists have their doubts about the use of CBD oil, some pregnant women, including Hollywood celebrities; profoundly use CBD oils, and other products made from it. In fact, the number of women who take CBD at the time of pregnancy have dramatically risen between 2009 and 2016 (as per Kaiser Permanente Northern California, the only healthcare in US that screens pregnant women for prenatal marijuana use).
In case of breast feeding, studies have shown that the chemicals ingested during marijuana use might transfer to the baby through breast milk. There are no studies to show if CBD will have the same effect on the baby while nursing.
There is still a little research left to be done on the intake of CBD products by pregnant as well as breastfeeding women. So, it is highly advisable to consult your medical practitioner about using CBD oil at the time of pregnancy and breastfeeding.
How CBD affects a fetus
As mentioned above, there is a lack of authentic research on effects of CBD on pregnant women. However, it is quite known that the human body has a built-in endocannabinoid system, which is largely composed of cells. The same system is found in a fetus, even though it is made a minimum of two cells. The neurotransmitters of this system are connected through numerous cannabinoid receptors that are divided into receptor 1 and receptor 2, the former affecting the brain and the latter is spread all through the body.
A study done on mice revealed that THC and anandamide inhibited the growth of embryos, which had a maximum 8 cells. Even though CBD contains almost nil quantity of THC, it can increase the anandamide in human body, which can directly affect the growth of a human embryo. However, this isn’t a conclusive study since it was done on the embryo of a mouse. The same results might not apply on a human embryo.
If you want to weigh the risks and benefits of taking CBD oil during pregnancy, then it is advised to consult your doctor and go ahead, as per his or her advice.
Does CBD oil cause intoxication or dizziness in pregnant women?
CBD is not known for creating or bringing the ‘high’ in anyone since the THC, the psychoactive substance, that is responsible for creating alterations in mind, is almost nil in the oil. In fact, it has proven therapeutic qualities that lessen anxiety and depression. It also activates receptors that directly target receptors that are related to body pains, inflammation, and nausea.
Overall, CBD has a good record in healing humans. As per a study by the World Health Organization, CBD doesn’t cause any harmful side effects in human beings.
Unfortunately, there are no studies that authentically approve of safe intake of CBD during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Moreover, the origin of CBD comes from cannabis, which also births compounds like THC, and thus, most doctors and medical practitioners are against the idea of taking CBD oil at the time of pregnancy.
In any case, do consult your doctor before you consider taking CBD oil or any other product at the time of pregnancy as well as breastfeeding.