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Physical And Psychological Effects Of Alcohol




Liquor Bottles Lined Up on a Bar

Intoxication does have its “advantages” like feeling relaxed after a long day of work. Alcohol is the only widely accepted intoxication substance that we have. Naturally, people get addicted to it pretty quickly. Even if you don’t have an alcohol addiction, drinking alcohol can affect your body in many ways. Alcohol intoxicates your body by mixing itself in our blood when we drink it. The short-term effects of alcohol are what make alcohol so addictive in nature. People tend to mistake it for a medicine that can cure all stress and pain.
The endorphin release that happens when we drink alcohol is the reason why people look towards it for every problem. There are a lot of physical and psychological effects that alcohol has on your body, and that is what we are here to tell you about. If you are someone who is researching the negative effects of alcohol on the human body, then this might be the right place for you. 
Physical Effects of Alcohol
Our body reacts to alcohol in a negative way, which is why it makes our body functions act weird. Here is how alcohol affects the body:
The damage due to inflammation
The liver is a crucial organ of your body as it removes toxic and harmful substances from your body. When you drink alcohol it gets dissolved in your blood and is treated as a toxin that needs to be removed. If you are a long-time drinker, then this process faces a lot of interference because of alcohol usage. Alcohol damages the liver which causes the toxins to build up inside your body and cause irreparable damage.
Decrease in sugar levels
The pancreas helps regulate insulin in your body and also is a big factor in determining how your body will react to glucose. Long-term alcohol usage damages the functioning of the pancreas and liver, which will result in a person experiencing low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia. A damaged pancreas will also stop your body from creating insulin which will stop your body from using sugar. This causes the reverse of hypoglycemia i.e. hyperglycemia and increases sugar levels in your blood.
Effects on the nervous system
You experience slurred speech, intoxication, and other nauseous effects as alcohol interfere with the communication between your brain and body. Reaction time, speech, hand-eye coordination, and everything that requires focusing gets dulled. If the consumption of alcohol is heavy then your nervous system can cause damage which will damage your ability to create long-term memories, think clearly, make rational choices, etc.
Psychological Effects
As mentioned in the previous section, alcohol becomes a barrier between your body and your brain. This increases the risk of psychological and mental disease in a person. The more you drink, the higher the risk becomes. Here’s what your psychological health might look like after long-term consumption of alcohol:
Mental health conditions
Many mental conditions are directly connected with the heavy consumption of alcohol usage. Many studies have also proved that mental health conditions only arise in a person when they are under the influence of alcohol. Here are some of these conditions:
  • alcohol-induced bipolar disorder
  • alcohol-induced psychotic disorder
  • alcohol-induced sleep disorder
  • alcohol-induced depressive disorder
  • alcohol-induced anxiety disorder
The symptoms of these diseases improve a lot when the effect of alcohol wears off.
Dependance on alcohol
The more you consume alcohol the higher you will develop tolerance to it. Tolerance to alcohol can be described as your body getting used to alcohol and not reacting to it the same way with the same amount. This means you will have to drink more to notice the same effects which will lead to addiction. 
Your body and brain can also grow used to the effects of alcohol. This causes you to experience various emotional and mental health symptoms which magically wear off as soon as you have a drink.
After reading the article, you may have figured out that it's bad for your body. Occasionally drinking alcohol might not be too bad. However, you have to keep yourself in check so that you don’t go too far in. You also need to be true to yourself and accept if you have an alcohol use disorder. If you do, don’t worry, you are not alone. Try to get professional help, and you will be back to your normal life in no time.


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