Social Links

Follow on Facebook Follow on TwitterFollow EiR on PinterestFollow EiR on Instagram

Xpert Access


Login To Get Involved!

Forgot your username?

Forgot your password?


Join Us At EiR Now!

DNRS Roof Banner


DNRS Interactive DVD Series & Seminars

Autism and the Human Gut Flora - References





Bolte ER, (1998). Autism and Clostridium tetani. Medical Hypotheses 51(2): 133-144.


Danna P, Urban C, Bellin E and Rahal J, (1991). Role of Candida in pathogenesis of antibiotic associated diarrhoea in elderly patients. Lancet 337: 511-14.


Gupta S, Aggarwal S and Heads C (1996). Dysregulated immune system in children with autism: beneficial effects of intravenous immune globulin on autistic characteristics. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 26(4): 439-52.


Holzapfel WH, Haberer P, Snel J, Scillinger U, Jos HJ, Velt Hi, (1998). Overview of gut flora and probiotics. International Journal of Food Microbiology 41: 85-101.


Kanner L, (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. The Nervous Child 2: 217-250.


Kiehn T, Bernard E, Gold J & Armstrong D, (1979). Candidiasis: detection by gas-liquid chromatography of D-arabitol, a fungal metabolite, in human serum. Science 206: 577-580.


Kinsman OS and Pitblado K, (1989). Candida albicans gastrointestinal colonization and invasion in the mouse: effect of antibacterial dosing, antifungal therapy, and immunosuppression. Mycoses 32: 664-74.


Knivsberg A-M, Wiig K, Lind G, Nødland M & Reichelt K-L, (1990). Dietary Intervention in Autistic Syndromes. Brain Dysfunction 3: 315-327.


Kontstanareas M and Homatidis S, (1987). Ear infections in autistic and normal children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 17: 585


Kennedy M and Volz P (1983). Dissemination of yeasts after gastrointestinal inoculation in antibiotic-treated mice. Sabouradia 21: 27-33.


Mahler H & Cordes E (1966). Biological Chemistry. Harpur and Row, New York pp 322-375.


Nolting S, Guzek B, Hauss R, (1995). Mykosen des Verdauungstraktes, Med. Wiss. Mediendienst Hamburg.


Ostfeld E, Rubinstein E, Gazit E and Smetana Z, (1977). Effect of systemic antibiotics on the microbial flora of the external ear canal in hospitalized children. Pediatrics 60: 364-66.


Podzorski R, Herron M, Fast D & Nelson R (1989). Pathogenesis of candidiasis. Immunosuppression by cell wall mannan catabolites. Archives of Surgery 124: 1290-1294.


Reichelt K-L, Saelid G, Lindback T & Boler JB, (1986). Child Autism: a complex disorder. Biological Psychiatry 21: 1279-1290.


Reichelt K-L, Hole K, Hamberger A, Saelid G, Edminson PD, Braestrup CB, Lingjaerde P & Orbeck H, (1981). Biologically active peptide containing fractions in schizophrenia and childhood autism. Advances in Biochemical Psychopharmacology 28: 627-643.


Roboz J & Katz R, (1992). Diagnosis of disseminated candidiasis based on serum D/L arabinitol ratios using negative chemical ionisation mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography 575: 281-286.


Shah D & Larsen B, (1992). Identity of a Candida albicans toxin and its production in vaginal secretions. Medical Science Research 20: 353-355.


Shah D & Larsen B, (1991). Clinical isolates of a yeast produce a gliotoxin-like substance. Mycopathologica 116: 203-208.


Samonis G and Dassiou M, (1994a). Antibiotics affecting gastrointestinal colonization of mice by yeasts. Chemotherapy 6: 50-2.


Samonis G, Gikas A and Toloudis P, (1994b). Prospective evaluation of the impact of broad-spectrun antibiotics on the yeast flora of the human gut. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 13: 665-7.


Samonis G, Gikas A and Anaissie E, (1993). Prospective evaluation of the impact of broad-spectrun antibiotics on gastrointestinal yeast colonization of humans. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 37: 51-53.


Sell D & Monnier V, (1989). Structure elucidation of a senescence cross-link from human extracellular matrix. Implications of pentoses in the aging process. Journal of Biological Chemistry 264: 21597-21602.


Shattock P & Savery D, (1997). Autism as a Metabolic Disorder. Autism Research Unit, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, UK.


Shattock P & Savery D, (1996). Urinary profiles of people with autism: Possible implications and relevance to other research. In: Proceedings of Conference on Therapeutic Interventions in Autism: Perspectives from Research and Practice. 309-325.


Shattock P & Lowdon G, (1991). Proteins, Peptides and Autism. Part 2: Implications for the education and care of people with autism. Brain Dysfunction 4(6): 323-334.


Shattock P, Kennedy A, Rowell F & Berney T, (1990). Role of neuropeptides in autism and their relationships with classical neurotransmitters. Brain Dysfunction 3: 328-345.


Shaw W, Baptist J, Geenens D, (1999). Immunodeficiency, gastrointestinal Candidiasis, wheat and dairy sensitivity, abnormal urinary arabinose and autism: a case study. Unpublished: Great Plains Laboratory, Overland Park, Kansas 66204.


Shaw W, (1999) Role for certain yeast and bacteria byproducts discovered by organic acid testing in the etiology of a wide variety of human diseases. Bulletin of The Great Plains Laboratory. Overland park, KS 66204 (913) 341-8949.


Shaw, W and Chaves E, (1996). Experience with organic acid testing to evaluate abnormal microbial metabolites in the urine of children with autism. Published in: The Proceedings of the Autism Society of America National Conference on Autism. Milwaukee: Wisconsin.


Shaw W, Kassen E and Chaves E, (1995). Increased excretion of analogs of Krebs cycle metabolites and arabinose in two brothers with autistic features. Clinical Chemistry 41: 1094-1104.


Van der Waaij D, (1987). Colonization resistance of the digestive tract--mechanism and clinical consequences. Nahrung 31: 507-17.


Varma R & Hoshino AY, (1980). Serum glycoproteins in schizophrenia. Carbohydrate Research. 82(2): 343-51.


Varma R, Michos GA, Gordon BJ, Varma RS, Shirey RE (1983). Serum glycoconjugates in children with schizophrenia and conduct and adjustment disorders. Biochemical Medicine. 30(2): 206-14.


Witken S (1985). Defective immune responses in patients with recurrent candidiasis. Infections in Medicine May/ June pp 129-132.


Wong B, Brauer K, Clemens J & Beggs S, (1990). Effects of gastrointestinal candidiasis, antibiotics, dietary arabinitol, and cortisone acetate on levels of Candida metabolite D-arabitol in rat serum and urine. Infection and Immunity 58: 283-288.




Related Articles:


Home Water Filters:

50% Off Aquasana Filtration Systems