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20
Mar

What to Do With a Cut in Your Mouth?

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A cut in the mouth can be caused by various factors, both internal (for example, a bite of the cheek) and external (for example, dental procedures). Although many mouth cuts require little treatment, others may be dangerous and need emergency care. These include direct facial injuries, deep lacerations on the inner cheek, gums or tongue and related tooth injuries.

Minor injuries

If the cut is small, try to rinse your mouth with cold or ice water. This decreases some of the blood vessels and can help ease pain and swelling. A cold compress to the outside of the cheek can provide the same effect. Some people prefer to roll an ice cube in their mouth until the bleeding stops and the pain decreases.

If the cut is a little bigger and deeper, you may need to apply direct pressure to the injury. First and foremost you should wash your hands with hot water and soap. Then press a piece of sterile gauze against the wound until the bleeding stops. If you do not have gauze, you can use a wet tea bag. The tannins contained in tea can work as a vasoconstrictor, effectively reducing blood vessels.

When the bleeding has stopped, use an antibiotic cream made for oral ulcers. Some have painkillers that can help relieve pain. Be sure that you don’t use antibiotic creams that are intended for external use. 

In order to heal the wound faster, some people use home remedies that have antiseptic or antibacterial properties. The most common options are clove oil (applied directly to the cut) or a paste of water and baking soda. However, you should avoid aspirin because it can lead to bleeding.

During the healing process, avoid brushing or flossing near the injured area, as well as alcohol-containing mouthwashes that can cause a burning sensation. You should also refuse acidic, spicy, crunchy or excessively salty foods.

Emergency situations

If you can't stop the bleeding or the injury is severe, you need to seek appropriate medical attention. Deep cuts and severe bleeding should be treated in the nearest emergency room. Priority will be given to stopping bleeding. In some cases, stitches may be used. You will get an oral antibiotic and a mild pain medication to help you recover.

If the injury is deep, the doctor may order an x-ray or CT scan to determine the nature and degree of the injury. If you have received a blood transfusion or have experienced any signs of shock, you may be left in the hospital for overnight monitoring. If serious tooth damage has also occurred, you will be referred to a dental surgeon for an appointment.

Tooth injuries

Tooth injuries often go hand in hand with serious mouth cuts. Some dental situations require immediate attention while others are more cosmetic and can be processed during the day or so. 

1. Broken tooth

If your tooth was broken, save all bits in order to take them to the dentist’s office. Use the home care tips mentioned above if there is bleeding.

2. Partially dislodged tooth

If your tooth is partially dislodged, you should pay attention to bleeding. Then you should immediately contact your dentist in order to undergo treatment like dental splinting, the repair of the socket, or the replacement of the tooth.

3. Problems with dental restorations

If the dental bridge is broken or the crown has fallen out, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible. While you wait for a visit, restore the crown with some denture glue or OTC dental cement.

4. Knocked-out tooth

If a tooth is knocked out, hold the tooth by the crown and if the root is dirty, gently wash it. If possible, try to place the tooth into the socket. If you can’t insert the tooth, carefully place a piece of gauze in the gab to prevent bleeding, put the tooth in a container with milk and rush to the dentist. There is a great possibility that your tooth can be reinserted within an hour after the injury.

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