Social Links

Follow on Facebook Follow on TwitterFollow EiR on PinterestFollow EiR on Instagram

Xpert Access


Login To Get Involved!

Forgot your username?

Forgot your password?


Join Us At EiR Now!

DNRS Roof Banner


DNRS 4th of July Sale! 15% Discount with Code:

Universal AJAX Live Search

Search - Categories
Search - Contacts
Search - Content
Search - Newsfeeds
Search - Weblinks

Infection and Chronic Health Problems - References





Ablin J Shoenfeld Y Buskila D 2006 Fibromyalgia, infection and vaccination: Two more parts in the etiological puzzle Journal of Autoimmunity 27(3):145-152


Adak B Tekeoglu I Ediz L et al. 2005 Fibromyalgia frequency in hepatitis B carriers, J Clin Rheumatol 11(3):157–159


Baseman J, Tully J 1997 Mycoplasmas: sophisticated, reemerging, and burdened by their notoriety. Emerging Infectious Diseases 3: 21–32


Behan P 1993 Enteroviruses and post viral fatigue syndrome CFS. In: Bock G, Whelan J (eds) CIBA Foundation symposium 173. Wiley, Chichester


Bennett R M , Jones J, Turk D, Russell I J, Matallana L 2007 An internet survey of 2,596 people with fibromyalgia. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders This article is available from:


Bruno R 2001 The polio paradox: uncovering the hidden history of polio to understand and treat ‘post-polio syndrome’ and chronic fatigue. Warner Books, New York


Buchwald D, Cheney P R, Peterson D L et al 1992 A chronic illness characterized by fatigue, neurologic and immunologic disorders and active human herpesvirus type 6 infection. Annals of Internal Medicine 116: 103–113


Buskila D Gladman D Langevitz P et al.1990 FMS in HIV infection. Journal of Rheumatology 17: 1202–1206


Buskila D Shnaider A Neumann L et al 1997 Fibromyalgia in hepatitis C virus infection. Another infectious disease relationship, Arch Intern Med 157 (21):2497–2500.


Clauw D 1995 Fibromyalgia: more than just a musculoskeletal disease. American Family Physician 52(3): 843–851


Cole J Rothman K Cabral H 2006 Migraine, fibromyalgia, and depression among people with IBS: a prevalence study BMC Gastroenterology 6:26


D’Souza A L, Rajkumar C, Cooke Bulpitt C 2002 Probiotics in prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhoea: meta-analysis. British Medical Journal 324: 1361


Davies S, Stewart A 1988 Nutritional medicine. Pan, London


Dinerman H Steere A 1992 Lyme disease associated with fibromyalgia. Annals of Internal Medicine 117:281–285


Donta S Engel C Collins J et al 2004 Benefits and harms of doxycycline treatment for Gulf War veterans' illnesses: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, Ann Intern Med 141(2):85–94


Dowsett E 1990 M E – a persistent viral infection? Postgraduate Medical Journal 66: 526–530


Endresen G 2003 Mycoplasma blood infection in chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia syndromes, Rheumatol Int 23(5):211–215.


Fibromyalgia Network Newsletters 1990–94 October 1990–January 1992 (Compendium no. 2), January 1993, May 1993 (Compendium), January 1994, July 1994


Fibromyalgia Network Newsletter 1999 Coping with illness uncertanties. (October): 1–3


Garrison R Breeding P 2003 A metabolic basis for fibromyalgia and its related disorders: the possible role of resistance to thyroid hormone Medical Hypotheses 61(2):182-189


Goldenberg D 1994 Fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain 2(3): 51–55


Goldstein J 1996 Betrayal by the brain. Haworth Medical Press, Binghamptom, New York


Goulding C O'Connell P Murray F 2001 Prevalence of fibromyalgia, anxiety and depression in chronic hepatitis C virus infection: relationship to RT-PCR status and mode of acquisition. European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 13:507–511


Gran J T 2003 The epidemiology of chronic generalized musculoskeletal pain. Best Practice & Research Clinical Rheumatology 17(4):547-561


Henry J 1995 BMA’s new guide to medicines and drugs. Dorling Kindersley, London


Jones V A, McLaughlan P, Shorthouse M, Workman E, Hunter J O 1982 Food intolerance: a major factor in the pathogenesis of IBS. Lancet ii: 1115–1117


Leventhal L 1991 FMS and parvovirus infection. Arthritis and Rheumatism 34: 1319–1324


Lo S C, Levin L, Ribas J et al 2000 Lack of serological evidence for Mycoplasma fermentans infection in army Gulf War veterans: a large scale case-control study. Epidemiology of Infection 125(3): 609–616


Lubrano E Iovino P Tremolaterra F et al Fibromyalgia in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. An association with the severity of the intestinal disorder. International Journal of Colorectal Diseases 16:211–215


Macintyre A 1993 What causes ME? The immune dysfunction hypothesis. Journal of Action for ME 14(Autumn): 24–25


Maxton D G, Morris J, Whorwell P J 1991 More accurate diagnosis of IBS by use of ‘non-colonic’ symptomatology. Gut 32: 784–786


Mayer E 1993 Basic and clinical aspects of chronic abdominal pain. Elsevier, New York


Narvaez J Nolla J Valverde-Garcia J 2005 Lack of association of fibromyalgia with hepatitis C virus infection, J Rheumatol 32(6): 1118–1121


Nash P 1989 Chronic coxsackie B infection mimicking primary FMS. Journal of Rheumatology 116: 1506–1508


Nicolson G, Nicolson N 1995 Doxycycline treatment and Desert Storm. Journal of the American Medical Association 273: 618–619


Nicolson G, Nasralla M, Hier J, Nicolson N 1998 Diagnosis and treatment of chronic mycoplasmal infections in fibromyalgia syndrome and chronic fatigue syndrome: relationship to Gulf War illness. Biomedical Therapy 16: 266–271


Nicolson G, Nasralla M, Franco A R 2000 Mycoplasmal infections in fatigue illnesses: chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia syndromes, Gulf War illness and rheumatoid arthritis. Journal of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 6(3/4): 23–39


Nicolson G, Nasralla M, De Meirleir K, Haier J 2002, Bacterial and viral co-infections in chronic fatigue syndrome. (14 June 2002)


Nicolson G Gan R Haier J 2003 Multiple co-infections (Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, human herpes virus-6) in blood of chronic fatigue syndrome patients: association with signs and symptoms, Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica 111 (5):557–566.


O’Grady F, Lambert H, Finch R, Greenwood D (eds) 1997 Antibiotic and chemotherapy, 7th edn. Churchill Livingstone, New York


Phaosawasdi K 1986 Primary and secondary Candida oesophagitis. Illinois Medical Journal 169: 361–365


Pizzorno J 1996 Total wellness. Prima Publishing, Rocklin, California


Price D Zhou Q Moshiree B 2006 Peripheral and Central Contributions to Hyperalgesia in Irritable Bowel Syndrome. The Journal of Pain 7(8):529-535


Rae W 1992 Chemical sensitivity. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, vol 1


Root-Bernstein R 1993 Rethinking AIDS. Free Press (Macmillan Inc), New York, p 155


Sack J, Zilberstein D, Barile M F 1989 Binding of thyrotropin to selected Mycoplasma species: detection of serum antibodies against a specific Mycoplasma membrane antigen in patients with autoimmune thyroid disease. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 12(2): 77–86


Schleifer L. 2002 A hyperventilation theory of job stress. American Journal of Industrial Medicine 41:420–432.


Simms R Zerbinia C Ferrante N et al 1992 FMS in patients infected with HIV. American Journal of Medicine 92: 368–374


Tennant F Herman L 2004 Does viral suppression therapy enhance pain control in selected fibromyalgia patients? The Journal of Pain 5(3) - Supplement 1:S84


Urnovitz H 2002 The mycoplasma misrepresentation: are misinterpretations of lab tests causing patients to receive bad treatment?


interface.php3?data=b2JqPWFydGljbGUmYWN0aW9uPWV 4dGxpbmsmaWQ9ODY%3D
Urnovitz H B, Tuite J J, Higashida J M, Murphy W H 1999 RNAs in the sera of Persian Gulf War veterans have segments homologous to chromosome 22q11.2. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 6(3): 330–335


Vernon S Shukla S Reeves WC 2003 Absence of Mycoplasma species DNA in chronic fatigue syndrome, J Med Microbiol 52(11):1027–1028.


Waring A L, Halse T A, Csiza C K, Carlyn C J, Musser K A, Limberger R J 2001 Development of a genomics-based PCR assay for detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in a large outbreak in New York State. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 39(4): 1385–1390


Whitehead W Palsson O Jones K 2002 Systematic Review of the Comorbidity of Irritable Bowel


Yunus M 1989 Fibromyalgia and other functional syndromes. Journal of Rheumatology 16(S19): 69




Related Articles:


Mold Testing & Sanitizer: