Results of a new study suggest giving probiotic supplements to high risk pregnant women and their babies following birth can reduce the risk of the infants developing eczema.
The many trillions of bacteria and other organisms that inhabit every human gut and comprise a teeming ecosystem are now known to interact with our immune systems and significantly influence their function. Researchers are therefore looking to probiotic supplements as possible preventive and tretament options for allergic conditions such as eczema.
Probiotics are microorganisms, mainly strains of bacteria and sometimes yeast, that inhabit our gastrointestinal tracts (and other areas of the body) are exert beneficial effects such as keeping pathogens at bay, producing certain vitamins (e.g. vitamin K), and producing substances known as short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) which help to nourish the cells of the small intestine and colon and keep them healthy.