Arch Neurol. 2006 Aug;63(8):1161-4.
Altered vascular phenotype in autism: correlation with oxidative stress.
Yao Y, Walsh WJ, McGinnis WR, Pratico D. Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3620 Hamilton Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
BACKGROUND: Autism is a neurologic disorder characterized by impaired communication and social interaction. Results of previous studies showed biochemical evidence for abnormal platelet reactivity and altered blood flow in children with autism. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the vascular phenotype in children with autism. DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Urinary levels of isoprostane F(2alpha)-VI, a marker of lipid peroxidation; 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B(2), which reflects platelet activation; and 6-keto-prostaglandin F(1alpha), a marker of endothelium activation, were measured by means of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in subjects with autism and healthy control subjects. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Children with a clinical diagnosis of autism attending the Pfeiffer Treatment Center. RESULTS: Compared with controls, children with autism had significantly higher urinary levels of isoprostane F(2alpha)-VI, 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B(2), and 6-keto-prostaglandin F(1alpha). Lipid peroxidation levels directly correlated with both vascular biomarker ratios. CONCLUSION: Besides enhanced oxidative stress, platelet and vascular endothelium activation also could contribute to the development and clinical manifestations of autism.
PMID: 16908745 [PubMed - in process]