Int Immunopharmacol. 2006 Sep;6(9):1424-30.
Ginsenoside Rg1 helps mice resist to disseminated candidiasis by Th1 type differentiation of CD4+ T cell.
Lee JH, Han Y. Department of ImmunoMicrobiology, College of Pharmacy, Dongduk Women's University, 23-1 Wolgok-Dong, Sungbuk-Gu Seoul, 136-714, Korea.
Ginsenosides, the most important component isolated from Panax ginseng, exhibits a variety of biological activities. Particularly, ginsenoside Rg1 is known to have various immune-modulating activities such as increase of immune activity of T helper (Th) cells. In this present work, we investigated the effect of the Rg1 on Candida albicans growth. Results showed that direct interaction of the Rg1 to C. albicans yeast cells resulted in no growth inhibition as tested by agar diffusion susceptibility method. Reversely, mice given the Rg1 intraperitoneally (i.p.) before intravenous (i.v.) challenge with live C. albicans yeast cells protected the mice to experimental disseminated candidiasis. By kidney candidal CFU (colony forming unit) determination, the disease severity of the Rg1-treated mice was confirmed far less than Rg1-untreated control mice. The protection was transferable by CD4+ T cells (RGCD4T) isolated from Rg1-treated mice. ELISA analysis revealed that there were cytokine inductions of IFNgamma, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-10 from the RGCD4T, demonstrating the Th1-lineage development of predominant IFNgamma and IL-2 production. Anti-mouse IFNgamma antibody treatment of Rg1-treated mice abolished the protection to disseminated disease. Our studies show that ginsenoside Rg1 helps the host resists disseminated candidiasis by the CD4+ T cell-mediated immune response led from a Th1-dominant cytokine response.
PMID: 16846836 [PubMed - in process]