Pharmacotherapy. 2007 Jan;27(1):53-67.
Micafungin: a new echinocandin antifungal.
Joseph JM, Jain R, Danziger LH. 1 Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
The echinocandins represent the newest class of antifungals to combat infections caused by Candida sp. Micafungin is an echinocandin recently approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration. It is indicated in adults for esophageal candidiasis and prophylaxis against candidal infections in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. Micafungin exhibits in vitro fungicidal activity against Candida sp, including fluconazoleresistant isolates. Its in vivo efficacy is comparable to that of fluconazole in the treatment of esophageal candidiasis and superior to that of fluconazole for prophylaxis of invasive candidal infections. Because it is not significantly metabolized by the cytochrome P450 3A system, micafungin is associated with few drug interactions. Micafungin does not require adjustment in patients with renal and/or hepatic impairment, and it has been shown to be well tolerated in both adult and pediatric patients. Its efficacy against Candida sp, coupled with its overall safety and drug interaction profiles, makes it an attractive option in the treatment against esophageal candidiasis and prophylaxis against invasive candidal infections.
PMID: 17192162 [PubMed - in process]