Can J Microbiol. 2008 Aug;54(8):660-7.
Modulation of Lactobacillus casei in ileal and fecal samples from healthy volunteers after consumption of a fermented milk containing Lactobacillus casei DN-114 001Rif.
Rochet V, Rigottier-Gois L, Levenez F, Cadiou J, Marteau P, Bresson JL, Goupil-Feillerat N, Doré J. Unite d'Ecologie et Physiologie du Systeme digestif, INRA, Bat 405, Domaine de Vilvert, 78350 Jouy en Josas, France.
Lactobacillus casei DN-114 001 is a probiotic strain able to interact with the immune system and to interfere with gastrointestinal pathogens. The derived strain DN-114 001Rif was studied during its transit through the upper and distal intestine of human volunteers. Seven volunteers participated in the study, which involved intestinal intubation to sample ileal contents and collection of fecal samples, with a wash-out period of 8 days between the 2 steps. The retrieval of the probiotic was analyzed in the ileum every 2 h for 8 h following the ingestion of one dose of the test product and in the feces prior to, during, and after daily consumption of the test product for 8 days. Persistence of the probiotic amplifiable DNA was assessed using temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresis and real-time PCR. Fluorescent in situ hybridization allowed analysis of the composition of the dominant digestive microbiota. The ingestion of L. casei DN-114 001Rif led to a significant and transient increase of its amplifiable DNA in ileal and fecal samples. This is related to a high stability in the composition of dominant groups of the gut microbiota. Data from ileal samples are scarce and our study confirms the potentiality for interaction between probiotics and the human immune system.
PMID: 18772928 [PubMed - in process]