Cytokine. 2009 Sep 5. [Epub ahead of print]
Modulation of the immune response by probiotic strains in a mouse model of gluten sensitivity.
D'Arienzo R, Maurano F, Lavermicocca P, Ricca E, Rossi M. Institute of Food Sciences, CNR, Avellino, Italy.
Probiotic strains play an important role in modulating activities in the gut-associated lymphoid tissue. Elucidation of the mechanisms that mediate probiotic-driven immunomodulation may facilitate their therapeutic application for specific immune-mediated diseases or for prophylaxis. In this study, we explored the effect of different Lactobacillus spp. and Bifidobacterium lactis in transgenic mice expressing the human DQ8 heterodimer, a HLA molecule linked to Celiac Disease (CD). In vitro analysis on immature bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (iBMDCs) showed that all strains up-regulated surface B7-2 (CD86), indicative of DC maturation, however, with different intensity. No strain induced appreciable levels of IL-10 or IL-12 in iBMDCs, whereas TNF-alpha expression was essentially elicited by Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus fermentum. Interestingly, these strains were found also to increase the antigen-specific TNF-alpha secretion in vivo, following co-administration of probiotic bacteria in mice mucosally immunized with the gluten component gliadin. Together these findings highlighted the ability of probiotics to exert strain-specific inductive rather than suppressive effects both on the innate and adaptive immunity in a mouse model of food antigen sensitivity.
PMID: 19736022 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]