Social Links

Follow on Facebook Follow on TwitterFollow EiR on PinterestFollow EiR on Instagram

Xpert Access


Login To Get Involved!

Forgot your username?

Forgot your password?


Join Us At EiR Now!

DNRS Roof Banner


New DNRS 2.0 Available NOW! Improved via Research & Patient Feedback.

Universal AJAX Live Search

Search - Categories
Search - Contacts
Search - Content
Search - Newsfeeds
Search - Weblinks

Employment and health status changes among women with fibromyalgia





Arthritis Rheum. 2008 Nov 26;59(12):1735-1741. [Epub ahead of print]


Employment and health status changes among women with fibromyalgia: A five-year study.


Reisine S, Fifield J, Walsh S, Forrest DD. University of Connecticut, Farmington.



OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in health status of women with fibromyalgia (FM) over 5 years and determine whether baseline employment status influences health outcomes adjusting for other baseline factors.


METHODS: Two hundred eighty-seven women with FM were recruited from a national sample of rheumatologists and interviewed by phone at baseline and annually for 4 years. Data were collected on pain, fatigue, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale and Modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (M-HAQ) scores, demographic characteristics, and employment status. At the end of the study, 211 participants remained. Data were analyzed using multilevel modeling techniques. Bootstrap methods adjusted for the cluster sampling.


RESULTS: The participants' mean +/- SD age was 47 +/- 11 years, their mean +/- SD education level was 14 +/- 2 years, 90% were white, 50% employed, 64% married, and their median household income was >/=$50,000. Mean +/- SD scores at baseline were 57.2 +/- 24 for pain, 75.4 +/- 22 for fatigue, 22.9 +/- 13 for depression, and 0.73 +/- 0.5 for the M-HAQ. Multilevel modeling indicated that all health status measures declined significantly over time except for pain. Rates of change varied from -1.22 for fatigue to -0.03 for the M-HAQ. Except for pain, patients who were employed at baseline had better health status over time. The employment and time interaction was not significant, indicating that health status changed at the same rate regardless of employment status. Other significant factors were age and income.


CONCLUSION: Employed women with FM have better health status at baseline and maintain that advantage over time. Employment does not seem to provide a protective health benefit.


PMID: 19035427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]









Please Help Support EiR with a Positive Google Review!

Review 'The Environmental Illness Resource' (EiR) on Google


If you like EiR and / or enoyed this content; please help us keep going by leaving a Positive Google Review:
Review EiR on Google NOW!

P.S. This is entirely secure, we collect no data other than what is freely available from Google and you can remain anonymous!


Related Articles:


Mold Testing & Sanitizer:







  • No comments found

Leave your comments

Post comment as a guest

0 Character restriction
Your text should be more than 25 characters
Your comments are subjected to administrator's moderation.
terms and condition.

Adsense Responsive BottomBanner

View the very BEST Environmental Illness Videos!

1. Your Health is Governed by Your Environment | Prof. BM Hegde | TEDx Talk

2. Demystifying Multiple Chemical Sensitivity

3. Social Determinants of Health - An Introduction