J Integr Neurosci. 2008 Sep;7(3):405-20.
The effects of a poor night sleep on mood, cognitive, autonomic and electrophysiological measures.
Sustained sleep problems such as insomnia have been shown to be detrimental to health. This study examines the less understood, finer grained effects of a single bad night's sleep on mood, cognitive, autonomic and electrophysiological functions. We assessed 338 individuals who had no symptoms of a clinical sleep disorder. Of these, 226 individuals had six or more hours sleep and 112 individuals had less than six hours sleep prior to an assessment of mood, cognition, autonomic and electrophysiological functioning. Individuals in the relatively "bad night" sleep group had higher depression, anxiety, and stress scores and reported significantly poorer overall wellbeing. They made more errors on simple cognitive tasks while more complex task components were unaffected. They also had an increase in heart rate and EEG alpha and beta power at rest. Participants in this study had no symptoms of a clinical sleep disorder, however the effects of a poor night sleep on measures of mood, cognition, autonomic and electrophysiological function were similar, but less severe than those reported in insomnia patients. The integrative profile of measures reported here point to an increase in physiological arousal and sub-optimal cognition, following a poor night's sleep.
PMID: 18988299 [PubMed - in process]